05 Social Well-being


1. Interpersonal Relationships
Types of relationships
  • family relationship
  • friends and peer relationship
  • intimate relationship
  • workplace relationship
Positive effects on personal development
  • Physical development: satisfies physiological needs (e.g. care provided by parents)
  • Intellectual development: facilitates learning through social interactions (e.g. co-construction of knowledge)
  • Emotional development: provides emotional support to satisfy human needs of security and love
  • Social development: provides social support that helps solve the crisis and increases the capacity to cope with crises
Negative effects on personal development
  • Physical development: leads to injuries / delayed growth and development in abuses
  • Intellectual development: discourages independent thinking and personal judgement
  • Emotional development: leads to stress, negative self-concept or low self-esteem
  • Social development: leads to social withdrawal or isolation / antisocial behaviour
  • Social loneliness – social isolation / lack of friends
  • Emotional loneliness – lack of attachment and intimacy
2. Changes
Changes of human relationships across lifespan
  • Interpersonal relationships change in response to the transition of different life stages
    • child-parent relationships, sibling relationships
    • relationships outside the nuclear family (friendship, courtship, working relationship)
  • Development of interpersonal relationships: initial, stable, intimate and ending phases
3. Family relationship
Changes that occur in families throughout the life cycle
  • Independence
  • Marriage
  • Parenting
  • Interdependence
The linkages between the nuclear and the extended family
  • Nuclear family – a couple living with their dependent children in the same residence
  • Extended family – couples live with original families
  • Linkages – depend on parents of original families for child care and social support
Factors affecting Sibling relationships
  • Number
  • Gender combination
  • Age gap
4. Friends and peer relationship
Peer groups
  • Meeting social and emotional needs
  • Self-understanding/ self-disclosure
Group conformity
  • Reasons
    • Peer pressure
    • Avoid social conflicts
    • Reluctance to be isolated
    • Need recognition or support from their peers
  • Impacts
    • With peer support, it is easier to adopt healthy lifestyles and appropriate social behavior (positive)
    • Practice dangerous behaviour to avoid being isolated / rejected (negative)
    • Discourage self-assertiveness / independent thinking / personal judgment (negative)
5. Intimate relationship
  • Elements of love : intimacy, passion, commitment
6. Workplace relationship
  • Independent
  • Dependent
  • Competing
  • Conflicting
Conflict management / conflict resolution strategies
  • Avoiding
  • Competing
  • Accommodating
  • Compromising
  • Collaborating

Latest Update: October 2019





Tasks & Worksheets

Assessing my learning

  • What are healthy relationships?
  • How do relationships affect personal health?
  • How can we develop and maintain healthy relationships?